• 如果您觉得本站非常有看点,那么赶紧使用Ctrl+D 收藏吧

java中list或set转map的方法

java 来源:_tsubasa_ 2次浏览

在开发中我们有时需要将list或set转换为map(比如对象属性中的唯一键作为map的key,对象作为map的value),一般的想法就是new一个map,然后把list或set中的值一个个push到map中。

类似下面的代码:

List<String> stringList = Lists.newArrayList("t1", "t2", "t3");
Map<String, String> map = Maps.newHashMapWithExpectedSize(stringList.size());
for (String str : stringList) {
    map.put(str, str);
}

是否还有更优雅的写法呢?答案是有的。

guava提供了集合(实现了Iterables接口或Iterator接口)转map的方法,方法定义如下:

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map for which the {@link Map#values} are the given
   * elements in the given order, and each key is the product of invoking a
   * supplied function on its corresponding value.
   *
   * @param values the values to use when constructing the {@code Map}
   * @param keyFunction the function used to produce the key for each value
   * @return a map mapping the result of evaluating the function {@code
   *         keyFunction} on each value in the input collection to that value
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if {@code keyFunction} produces the same
   *         key for more than one value in the input collection
   * @throws NullPointerException if any elements of {@code values} is null, or
   *         if {@code keyFunction} produces {@code null} for any value
   */
  public static <K, V> ImmutableMap<K, V> uniqueIndex(
      Iterable<V> values, Function<? super V, K> keyFunction) {
    return uniqueIndex(values.iterator(), keyFunction);
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map for which the {@link Map#values} are the given
   * elements in the given order, and each key is the product of invoking a
   * supplied function on its corresponding value.
   *
   * @param values the values to use when constructing the {@code Map}
   * @param keyFunction the function used to produce the key for each value
   * @return a map mapping the result of evaluating the function {@code
   *         keyFunction} on each value in the input collection to that value
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if {@code keyFunction} produces the same
   *         key for more than one value in the input collection
   * @throws NullPointerException if any elements of {@code values} is null, or
   *         if {@code keyFunction} produces {@code null} for any value
   * @since 10.0
   */
  public static <K, V> ImmutableMap<K, V> uniqueIndex(
      Iterator<V> values, Function<? super V, K> keyFunction) {
    checkNotNull(keyFunction);
    ImmutableMap.Builder<K, V> builder = ImmutableMap.builder();
    while (values.hasNext()) {
      V value = values.next();
      builder.put(keyFunction.apply(value), value);
    }
    return builder.build();
  }

这样我们就可以很方便的进行转换了,如下:

List<String> stringList = Lists.newArrayList("t1", "t2", "t3");
Map<String, String> map = Maps.uniqueIndex(stringList, new Function<String, String>() {
    @Override
    public String apply(String input) {
        return input;
    }
});

需要注意的是,如接口注释所说,如果Function返回的结果产生了重复的key,将会抛出异常。

java8也提供了转换的方法,这里直接照搬别人博客的代码:

@Test  
public void convert_list_to_map_with_java8_lambda () {  
      
    List<Movie> movies = new ArrayList<Movie>();  
    movies.add(new Movie(1, "The Shawshank Redemption"));  
    movies.add(new Movie(2, "The Godfather"));  
  
    Map<Integer, Movie> mappedMovies = movies.stream().collect(  
            Collectors.toMap(Movie::getRank, (p) -> p));  
  
    logger.info(mappedMovies);  
  
    assertTrue(mappedMovies.size() == 2);  
    assertEquals("The Shawshank Redemption", mappedMovies.get(1).getDescription());  
}  

参考:
http://jackyrong.iteye.com/blog/2158009


版权声明:本文转自网络文章,转载此文章仅为分享知识,如有侵权,请联系管理员进行删除。
喜欢 (0)