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Quartz 与 Spring框架集成的三种方式

spring-mvc 来源:麦冬 9次浏览

Quartz 与 Spring框架集成的三种方式

XML+ Spring MVC 版本

POM文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  
  <groupId>com.adagio</groupId>
  <artifactId>task</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>war</packaging>
  <name>task</name>
  <description/>
  
  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <spring.version>4.1.6.RELEASE</spring.version>
  </properties>
  
  <dependencies>
  
      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
        <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
        <version>1.8.3</version>
    </dependency>
    
      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
        <artifactId>quartz</artifactId>
        <version>2.2.1</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <dependency>
      <groupId>javax</groupId>
      <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
      <version>7.0</version>
      <scope>provided</scope>
    </dependency>
    
    <dependency>
         <groupId>junit</groupId>
         <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
         <version>4.12</version>
         <scope>test</scope>
     </dependency>

      <!--SPRING DEPENDENCY-->
      <dependency>
          <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
          <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
          <version>${spring.version}</version>
      </dependency>
      <dependency>
          <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
          <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
          <version>${spring.version}</version>
      </dependency>
      <dependency>
          <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
          <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
          <version>${spring.version}</version>
      </dependency>
      <dependency>
          <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
          <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
          <version>${spring.version}</version>
      </dependency>
      <dependency>
          <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
          <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
          <version>${spring.version}</version>
      </dependency>



  </dependencies>
    
  <build>
      <finalName>task</finalName>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>2.3.2</version>
        <configuration>
          <source>1.7</source>
          <target>1.7</target>
        </configuration>
      </plugin>
      <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.6</version>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.18.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <skipTests>true</skipTests>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  
</project>

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.1">
  <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>
            classpath*:/spring/spring-core.xml
        </param-value>
  </context-param>
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <filter>
    <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath*:/spring/spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
  
  <display-name>task</display-name>
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

spring.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xmlns:task="http://www.springframework.org/schema/task"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/task 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/task/spring-task-4.0.xsd "
        >

    
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.adagio">
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>
    
    <import resource="spring-quartz.xml" />
    
</beans>

spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd">
    <!--扫描Controller-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.adagio">
        <context:include-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>
    
    <aop:aspectj-autoproxy proxy-target-class="true"/>
    
    <mvc:annotation-driven>
        <mvc:message-converters>
            <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.StringHttpMessageConverter">
                <constructor-arg name="defaultCharset" value="UTF-8" />     
                <property name="supportedMediaTypes">     
                    <list>
                        <value>text/plain;charset=UTF-8</value>     
                        <value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>     
                    </list>     
                </property>     
            </bean>      
        </mvc:message-converters>
    </mvc:annotation-driven>


    <!--定义视图解析-->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views/" />
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
    </bean>
    
    <!--对静态资源的处理-->
    <!-- <mvc:default-servlet-handler /> -->
    <!-- Handles HTTP GET requests for /resources/** by efficiently serving up static resources in the ${webappRoot}/resources directory -->
    <mvc:resources mapping="/static/**" location="/static/" />
    

</beans>

spring-quartz.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">
    

    <!-- ======================== 调度工厂 ======================== -->
    <bean id="SpringJobSchedulerFactoryBean" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean">
        <property name="triggers">
            <list>
                <!-- 调度触发器 -->
                <ref bean="helloTrigger"/>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>  

     <!-- ======================== 调度触发器 ======================== -->
     <bean id="helloTrigger" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerFactoryBean">
        <!-- 任务调度类 -->
        <property name="jobDetail" ref="helloJob"></property>
        <property name="cronExpression" value="0/5 * * * * ?"></property>
    </bean>
    
      <!-- 任务调度类 -->
    <bean id="helloJob" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean">
        <!-- 任务执行类 -->
        <property name="targetObject">
            <ref bean="helloTask"/>
        </property>
        <property name="targetMethod">  
            <value>excute</value><!-- 要执行的方法名称 -->
        </property>
    </bean>
</beans>

HelloTask

package com.adagio;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
public class HelloTask {
    
    public void excute() {
        System.out.println("excute...22222>>>>>>>>");
    }
}

configuration + Spring MVC

和上面类似,只是 spring-quartz.xml 转成configuration

package com.adagio;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean;

@Configuration
public class QuartzConfig {

    @Bean
    public SchedulerFactoryBean factoryBean() {
        SchedulerFactoryBean factoryBean = new SchedulerFactoryBean();
        
        factoryBean.setTriggers(cronTriggerFactoryBean().getObject());
        return factoryBean;
    }
    
    @Bean
    public CronTriggerFactoryBean cronTriggerFactoryBean() {
        CronTriggerFactoryBean cronTriggerFactoryBean = new CronTriggerFactoryBean();
        cronTriggerFactoryBean.setJobDetail(methodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean().getObject());
        cronTriggerFactoryBean.setCronExpression("0/5 * * * * ?");
        
        return cronTriggerFactoryBean;
    }
    
    @Bean
    public MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean methodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean() {
        MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean m = new MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean();
        m.setTargetObject(helloTask());
        m.setTargetMethod("excute");
        return m;
    }
    
    @Bean
    public HelloTask helloTask() {
        return new HelloTask();
    }
    
}

Configuration + Spring Boot

QuartzConfig 和 HelloTask 与上面一样
启动方式不同

package com.adagio;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;

@ComponentScan(basePackages= {"com.adagio"})
@SpringBootApplication
public class TimerTaskApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(TimerTaskApplication.class, args);
    }
}

总结

  • 对xml的方式比较熟悉,所有先配置好xml
  • confugration如果不是Spring Boot的项目的话,还是用的比较少

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