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VS2017 SQLite不写数据到数据库

sqlite 来源:Robert Murphy 6次浏览

我有下面的代码,它不会抛出异常,但它也不会更新SQLite数据库,有两种方法,一种是由Update按钮调用的,并从GridView获取更新的数据控制并写入SQLite文件。实际上都没有更新数据库。在更新方法中,有几次尝试使用不同的技术来尝试写入数据。我将整个事件包含在上下文中,并且功能被分解为代码的不同部分。它使用的是Metro Framework,但我认为这对数据库代码没有什么影响。VS2017 SQLite不写数据到数据库

using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.ComponentModel; 
using System.Data; 
using System.Drawing; 
using System.Linq; 
using System.Text; 
using System.Threading.Tasks; 
using System.Windows.Forms; 

using MetroFramework.Forms; 
using MetroFramework; 

using System.Data.SQLite; 


namespace MetroTestApp 
{ 
    public partial class Form1 : MetroFramework.Forms.MetroForm 
    { 
     static List<String> entries = new List<string>(); 
     private BindingSource masterBindingSource = new BindingSource(); 
     private BindingSource detailsBindingSource = new BindingSource(); 
     DataSet data = new DataSet(); 

     static string DbConnectionString = @"Data Source=Emp.db;Version=3;"; 
     static SQLiteConnection dbc = new SQLiteConnection(DbConnectionString); 

     public SQLiteDataAdapter departmentDataAdapter; 
     SQLiteDataAdapter empDataAdapter; 

     DataRelation relation; 
     SQLiteCommandBuilder cmdBuilder = new SQLiteCommandBuilder(); 

     public Form1() 
     { 
      InitializeComponent(); 
     } 

     private void metroTile1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
     { 
      MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, "OK", "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information); 
     } 

     private void metroTile2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
     { 
      MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, "Stop", "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OKCancel, MessageBoxIcon.Stop); 
     } 

     private void metroGrid2_CellContentClick(object sender, EventArgs e) { } 

     private void metroButton2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) { } 

     private void Form1_FormClosing(object sender, FormClosingEventArgs e) 
     { 
      dbc.Close(); 
      cmdBuilder.Dispose(); 
      departmentDataAdapter.Dispose(); 
      empDataAdapter.Dispose(); 
      masterBindingSource.Dispose(); 
      empDataAdapter.Dispose(); 
      data.Dispose(); 
     } 

     private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) 
     { 

     // string DbConnectionString = @"Data Source=Emp.db;Version=3;"; 
     // using (SQLiteConnection dbc = new SQLiteConnection(DbConnectionString)) 
       try 
       { 
        dbc.Open(); 

        departmentDataAdapter = new SQLiteDataAdapter("select * from DEPARTMENT", dbc); 
        empDataAdapter = new SQLiteDataAdapter("select * from EMP", dbc); 

        departmentDataAdapter.Fill(data, "DEPARTMENT"); 
        empDataAdapter.Fill(data, "EMP"); 

        DataRelation relation = new DataRelation("EMPDPEP", data.Tables["DEPARTMENT"].Columns["DEPNO"], data.Tables["EMP"].Columns["DEPNO"]); 
        data.Relations.Add(relation); 

        masterBindingSource.DataSource = data; 
        masterBindingSource.DataMember = "DEPARTMENT"; 
        detailsBindingSource.DataSource = masterBindingSource; 
        detailsBindingSource.DataMember = "EMPDPEP"; 

        DEPGridView.DataSource = masterBindingSource; 
        EMPGridView.DataSource = detailsBindingSource; 

        DEPGridView.AutoResizeColumns(); 
        EMPGridView.AutoResizeColumns(); 
       } 
       catch (SQLiteException ex) 
       { 
        MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, "Stop", ex.Message.ToString(), MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop); 
       } 
     } 

     private void metroButton3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
     { 
      //dbc.Open(); 

      //departmentDataAdapter = new SQLiteDataAdapter("select * from DEPARTMENT", dbc); 
      //empDataAdapter = new SQLiteDataAdapter("select * from EMP", dbc); 


      SQLiteCommandBuilder cb=new SQLiteCommandBuilder(empDataAdapter); 
      empDataAdapter.DeleteCommand = cb.GetDeleteCommand(true); 
      empDataAdapter.UpdateCommand = cb.GetUpdateCommand(true); 
      empDataAdapter.InsertCommand = cb.GetInsertCommand(true); 

      SQLiteCommandBuilder cb1 = new SQLiteCommandBuilder(departmentDataAdapter); 
      departmentDataAdapter.DeleteCommand = cb1.GetDeleteCommand(true); 
      departmentDataAdapter.UpdateCommand = cb1.GetUpdateCommand(true); 
      departmentDataAdapter.InsertCommand = cb1.GetInsertCommand(true); 

      // MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, cb.GetUpdateCommand().ToString(), "OK", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information); 

      empDataAdapter.AcceptChangesDuringUpdate = true; 
      departmentDataAdapter.AcceptChangesDuringUpdate = true; 

      DataTable dt = new DataTable(); 
      empDataAdapter.Fill(dt); 
      empDataAdapter.Update(dt); 

      data.AcceptChanges(); 

      empDataAdapter.Update(data, "EMP"); 
      departmentDataAdapter.Update(data, "DEPARTMENT"); 
      empDataAdapter.Update(data.Tables["EMP"]); 
      departmentDataAdapter.Update(data.Tables["DEPARTMENT"]); 


      dt.Dispose(); 
      cb.Dispose(); 
      cb1.Dispose(); 
      dbc.Close(); 

     } 

     private void metroButton4_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
     { 
      dbc.Open(); 
      DataTable t; t = data.Tables["DEPARTMENT"]; 
      DataRow newRow; 
      newRow = t.NewRow(); 

      newRow["DEPNO"] = 10; newRow["DEPNAME"] = "GAMES"; 

      t.Rows.Add(newRow); 
      data.AcceptChanges(); 
      DEPGridView.Refresh(); 
      dbc.Close(); 
      t.Dispose(); 

     } 
    } 
} 

===========解决方案如下:

请看看你的代码

 DataTable dt = new DataTable(); 
     empDataAdapter.Fill(dt); 
     empDataAdapter.Update(dt); 

你所得到的数据和写入直接到数据库的这一部分。如果你不改变任何东西,你就不会在数据库中看到任何改变。我没有看到这个代码

点的的代码遵循这一

 data.AcceptChanges(); 

     empDataAdapter.Update(data, "EMP"); 
     departmentDataAdapter.Update(data, "DEPARTMENT"); 
     empDataAdapter.Update(data.Tables["EMP"]); 
     departmentDataAdapter.Update(data.Tables["DEPARTMENT"]); 

的接受改变,标志着所有记录作为没有改变。因此,您的DataAdapter.Update不会看到任何更改的记录发送到数据库。我会将该行代码移动到DataAdapter.Updates之后,然后再次尝试更新记录。

empDataAdapter.Update(data, "EMP"); 
    departmentDataAdapter.Update(data, "DEPARTMENT"); 
    empDataAdapter.Update(data.Tables["EMP"]); 
    departmentDataAdapter.Update(data.Tables["DEPARTMENT"]); 

    data.AcceptChanges(); 

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